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  • Commonwealth War Graves Commission headstone marking his grave at Kemmel Chateau Military Cemetery, Belgium. Photograph Murray Biddle
Person Details
Bulwell Nottingham
Jack was the son of John and Mary Hyde (née James). His father John Hyde was born in Hitchen, Hertfordshire, in about 1852 and his mother Mary James in Penzance, Cornwall, in about 1853. They were married at Arnold St Mary on 23 October 1875 and had twelve children of whom only seven survived infancy or childhood: John birth registered 1876 (J/F/M Basford) d. 1878 (J/A/S); James b. Arnold 1 September 1877 bap. Arnold St Mary 12 September 1880; Emma b. Arnold 1879 (O/N/D Basford) bap. St Mary 2 May 1880 d. 1881 (O/N/D); Sarah Ann b. Hucknall birth registered 1883 (J/F/M Basford) bap. Hucknall St Mary Magdalene 5 September 1883; William b. Hucknall 26 October 1884 bap. St Mary Magdalene 15 April 1885; Mary Jane b. Hucknall 1887 (J/A/S) bap. St Mary Magdalene 4 January 1888 d. 1888 (J/A/S); Edward b. Hucknall 1889; Alice b. Hucknall 7 October 1891 bap. Hucknall St John the Evangelist 24 August 1892; Alfred b. 1896 (J/A/S Basford) d. 1896 (J/A/S); Jack b. Bulwell 1897 bap. Bulwell St Mary the Virgin 17 August 1898; George b. 1900 (J/A/S Nottingham) d. 1908 (O/N/D Basford) and Hilda b. Bulwell 1902. In 1881 John (28) a railway plate layer, and Mary (23) a seamstress, were living in Newton's Yard, Arnold, with their two children James (3) and Emma (1). Their first child, John, had been born in 1876 but had died two years later. Emma died toward the end of 1881. Another daughter, Mary Jane, was born in 1887 but died the following year. John and Mary were living on Wellington Street, Hucknall by 1891. Of their seven children only four survived: James, Sarah Ann (8), William (6) and Edward (1). They had a fifth son, Alfred, in 1896 but he died the same year. Their fourth daughter, Alice, was born in Hucknall toward the end of 1891 and was baptised at the parish church in August 1892; the family was then living at 30 Betts Street, Hucknall. The family had moved to 21 Crown Street Nottingham by 1901. Of John and Mary's eleven children only seven were still living and all were in the home on the night of the census: James a coal miner, Sarah a lace mender, William a potter, Edward, Alice (9), Jack (3) and George (7 months). George died in 1908 aged eight. John and Mary were living at 6 Bell Terrace, Portland Street, Daybrook, by 1911. John was now working as a bricklayer's labourer. Only three children were still at home, Edward, who was also a bricklayer's labourer, Jack and Hilda (8). John and Mary moved again after 1911, this time to 7 Cottage Row, Daybrook, Nottingham. Jack was still living with his parents when he attested in 1914 His brother Edward enlisted in the Royal Warwickshire Regiment (11619 Private) and was killed in 1916; he also was probably living with his parents at 7 Cottage Row when he joined the army. Jack's mother Mary completed a form for the Army in May 1919 listing his surviving blood relatives; she named herself and her husband, both of 7 Cottage Row, and Jack's two brothers and three sisters: Jim [James] (45) Wombwell Barnsley; William (34) Gedling Grove Arnold; Sarah Ann Haigh (37) Wombwell Barnsley; Alice Haigh (27) Wombwell Barnsley and Hilda Hyde (16) 7 Cottage Row Daybrook. John Hyde probably died in 1934 (J/F/M Nottingham), his wife has not yet been traced after signing for Jack's medals in 1921. Of Jack's surviving siblings: James married a widow, Annie Elizabeth Bateman (née Haigh), at Breedon on Dearne on 25 December 1905 (O/N/D Doncaster). Annie (b. 10 June 1870) had married John William Bateman in 1895 (reg. Dewsbury) by whom she had at least four children. Annie and her husband, a coal miner, were living in Bolton on Dearne in 1901; he died in 1905 (reg. Doncaster) aged 33. James and Annie were living on Summer Lane, Wombwell, in 1911 with three of Annie's children James (11), Polly (b. 14 March 1902) and Joseph Bateman (b. 14 May 1904), all of whom later took the surname Hyde, and their daughter Lilian (4 b. Wombwell). According to the census Lilian was the only one of their three children to survive infancy but there is an army record that shows they had a daughter Elizabeth Ann b. 19 January 1909 and subsequently Mary b. 8 April 1911 (probably registered as Nelly Hyde, 1911 A/M/J Barnsley, Haigh) and Hilda b. 10 April 1914. James attested on 2 December 1914 and served in the 13th Bn York and Lancaster Regiment (1205 Private) and was discharged on 14 March 1916 (1y 104d). James and Annie were living on Hall Street, Wombwell, in 1939 when the England & Wales Register was compiled. He died in 1947 (O/N/D Staincross Yorkshire). Sarah Ann married Arthur Haigh (b. 10 August 1877) in 1905 (J/F/M Doncaster). In 1911 they were living at 20 Milton Street, Wombwell, with their children Sarah Alice (5) and Arthur (2); Arthur was a miner. He enlisted in the East Lancashire Regiment (238038 Private) in 1915; he and Sarah were then living at 22 Alma Street, Wombwell. Arthur served at home from 10 March 1915 then with the BEF France from 10 April 1916 to 4 November 1918; he was discharged on 22 January 1919 to 31 Almond Street, Wombwell. In 1939 Arthur and Sarah were probably living in Leeds; he was an engineers' labourer. William probably married Annie Kightley (b. 16 June 1877) in 1909 (J/A/S Basford). In 1911 William, a colliery labourer (below ground) and Annie were living on Robert Terrace, Furlong Street, Arnold, with Annie's three daughters Eliza Ann (11), Florence May (9) and Annie Kightley (6). In 1939 he was unemployed and living with Annie on Furlong Avenue, Arnold. He probably died in 1949 (O/N/D Nottingham). Alice married Lewis Haigh (b. 18 May 1884) in 1906 (O/N/D Barnsley). In 1911 they were living at 31 Alma Street, Wombwell, with their son George (2); Lewis was a coal miner. They had returned to Arnold by 1939; Lewis was a coal hewer and Alice a laundry hand. Also in the home was their son Joseph Thomas (b. 14 July 1914) a driller for a cycle manufacturer but who was also a member of Arnold Urban District Council's Decontaminator Squad. Alice was living at 7 Cottage Row, Daybrook, her parents' former home, when she died on 7 August 1962. She was widowed and administration of her Will was awarded to her son Joseph.
He was employed as a farmer working at Heath Sunrise Farm, Bestwood
06 Apr 1915
18
155198 - CWGC Website
2121
7 Cottage Row, Daybrook, Nottingham
Private
1/8th Bn Sherwood Foresters (Notts & Derby Regiment)
'A' Company 1/8th Bn Sherwood Foresters. Jack Hyde went to the battalion's headquarters at Newark where he enlisted on 15th August 1914. He was just 18 years of age and was living at 7 Cottage Row, Daybrook, Nottingham. He served on the home front between 15th August 1914 and 1st March 1915 and served in France from 2nd March until his death on 6th April that year (234 days). The battalion served in the area around Kemmel, Ypres salient. The 6th April was a very wet day and there was not much action on the part of the Germans by daylight, but at dusk they became much more active and it was not possible to carry on much work due to the enemy activity. During the night Private Jack Hyde was shot in the head by a German sniper. He had the doubtful distinction of being the first fatality of the battalion in the war. He was buried in Kemmel Chateau Military Cemetery, Belgium (grave ref. E.54). The Brigade chaplain conducted the service in what was then known as Kemmel churchyard or cemetery - 'Kemmel Chateau was north-east of Kemmel village and the cemetery was established on the north side of the chateau grounds in December 1914' (CWGC website) Jack qualified for the 1915 Star, British War Medal and Victory Medal.
CWGC headstone personal inscription: 'Sleep on beloved, sleep and take thy rest, lay down thy head on thy Saviour's breast' His older brother Edward served in the 9th Bn Royal Warwickshire Regiment (11619 Private) and was killed in Mesopotamia (Iraq) on 5 April 1916. He is commemorated on the Basra Memorial. (See record on this Roll of Honour) 'History of the 1/8th Battalion Sherwood Foresters 1914-1918', Captain WCC Weetman (p49): 'The Boche snipers had the upper hand and could do almost what they liked. Their shooting was extremely accurate, and as the trenches were enfiladed on all sides, and there was in many cases little parados, we soon had casualties, most of which were sentries shot through the head. Our first fatal casualty was Pvte. Hyde of A Company, shot in this way on April 6th.' Nottingham Daily Express 12th May 1915 :- “Private G. [?] Hyde, of the 8th Battalion Sherwood Foresters Territorial Force, who has been killed in action in France. Previous to the outbreak of war, Private Hyde was in the employ of Ald. H. Heath, at Sunrise Farm, Bestwood Park, where he was very popular among his fellow workmen. The young soldier was only 18 years of age. His home was at Arnold.” Above article is courtesy of Jim Grundy and his facebook pages Small Town Great War Hucknall 1914-1918 Jack's personal effects were returned to his father in September 1915. They comprised: holdall containing shaving kit, hairbrush, fork, razor, boot brush, cleaning kit, cigar holder, case containing photo, stamp and cross, pocket book, prayer book, pipe, belt and knife, First Aid book containing post cards and French book, identity disc. Jack had written a service Will in favour of his mother Mary Hyde who was his sole legatee.
Remembered on

Photos

  • Commonwealth War Graves Commission headstone marking his grave at Kemmel Chateau Military Cemetery, Belgium. Photograph Murray Biddle
    Jack Hyde - Commonwealth War Graves Commission headstone marking his grave at Kemmel Chateau Military Cemetery, Belgium. Photograph Murray Biddle
  • Photograph published 12th May 1915 in the Nottingham Daily Express. Courtesy of Jim Grundy and his facebook pages Small Town Great War Hucknall 1914-1918
    Jack Hyde - Photograph published 12th May 1915 in the Nottingham Daily Express. Courtesy of Jim Grundy and his facebook pages Small Town Great War Hucknall 1914-1918