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  • Photograph published in the Newark Herald, 27 July 1918. (www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk)
Person Details
Newark Nottinghamshire
Arthur was the son of William and Mary Ann Hutchinson (née Cope). His father William Hutchinson was born in 1843 at Coleby, Lincolnshire. His wife Mary Ann was born in about 1845 at Caythorpe, Lincolnshire (bap. Caythorpe September 1845), the daughter of Jeremiah and Mary Cope. William and Mary Ann were married at Caythorpe parish church in April 1869 and had seven children, two of who died in childhood. All the children were born in Newark: Tom b. 1869, Ellen b. 1871 d. 1874, Mary b. 1875, William birth registered 1877 (J/F/M), Walter b. 1881, Arthur birth registered 1883 (J/F/M) and John b. 1885 d. 1889. At the time of the 1871 and 1881 census, William, a brewer's labourer (later a malster), his wife and children were living on Wards Row, Newark. By 1901, though, the couple had moved to George Street, where they were living with just two of their five surviving children, Walter, a clerk and Arthur a baker. William and Mary continued to live on George Street, although in different properties, until at least 1918 when William snr. died at 3 George Street. Arthur's parents were living at 3 George Street at the time of the 1911 Census. Their eldest son Tom, a brewer's labourer, had married Clara Godber at Newark St Leonard in 1895 and they and their four children were living at 14 George Street. Their only surviving daughter Mary and her husband Albert Marriott (m. 1892), a baker/bread maker, were living at 12 George Street, with three of their five children; two sons were recorded on the census as visitors in the home of their paternal grandparents, William and Mary Hutchinson. Walter, a brewer's traveller, his wife Mary (née Wilson m. 1904) and their two children were living at Balderton Gate, Newark. Walter died in 1915 (see 'Extra information'). The second son, William, has not yet been traced on either the 1901 or 1911 Census. Arthur had married Annie Smith (b. Grimsby abt 1888), the daughter of William Smith, a fisherman, on 16 May 1910 at New Cleethorpes St Aiden. They had two children, Frank William b. Grimsby 1912 and Marjorie b. Southwell 1914. In 1911 Arthur, a baker, and Annie were living on Highfield Avenue, Immingham; also in the household was a male lodger. Arthur and Annie then moved to Southwell where their daughter Marjorie was born in 1912 and were living at Westhorpe when he attested in 1915. However, his service document shows that the family later lived at 3 George Street, Newark, the home of Arthur's parents. Mary and the two children were still living at the same address when Arthur's personal possessions were returned to her in October 1918. William Hutchinson snr. died in October 1918 (see 'Extra information'). Arthur's widow married George Nield in 1919 (reg. A/M/J Grimsby) and by September 1920 they were living at Frederick Avenue, Shaw, Lancashire. Annie and George Nield were recorded on the 1939 England and Wales Register living in Mossley, Lancashire.
Attended Mounts School. Attended Newark St Leonard Sunday School and also a choir boy. 1901 - baker (with brother-in-law Albert Marriott. 1911 - baker. He was employed by Mr JH Kirkby, Southwell, as a van man (bread delivery) when he enlisted in 1914.
22 Aug 1917
34
1632844 - CWGC Website
201938
Westhorpe, Southwell. Attested Southwell.
Private
13th Bn Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment)
13th Bn Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) The 13th Battalion was raised in Edinburgh in August 1914 as part of Kitchener's New Armies. In the September the Battalion came under the command of 45th Brigade, 15th (Scottish) Division and moved to France in July 1915 where it spent the remainder of the war. The Battalion saw heavy fighting in 1917; The First Battle of the Scarpe (9 April-4 May), The Second Battle of the Scarpe (23-24 April) The Battle of Pilckem (31 July-2 August), The Battle of Langemark 16-18 August). Arthur Hutchinson attested on 18 November 1915 at Southwell, he gave his age as 32 yrs 8 months, occupation baker. He was living at Westhorpe, Southwell, and his next of kin was his wife Annie of the same address. Annie later moved to 3 George Street, Newark. Arthur transferred to the Army Reserve on 19 November and was mobilised on 10 October 1916 reporting at Derby. According to a newspaper report of his death, Arthur was in Ireland in January 1917, which meant he was attached to a different battalion of the Royal Scots, and then had leave in July before being posted to BEF France. He embarked on 19 July 1917 for France, disembarking the same day, and arrived at 20 IBD [Infantry Base Depot], Etaples, on 20 July. He was posted to the 13th Battalion Royals Scots on 6 August 1917, joining 'in the field' on the 7th. Less than three weeks later on 22 August, Arthur was reported missing in action. His death on that date was not confirmed until July the following year. He has no known grave and his name is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial, Zonnebeke, Belgium (Panel 11 to 14). Service: Home 9 October 1916-18 July 1917 (1y 213d). BEF France 19 July 1917-22 August 1917. He qualified for the British War Medal and Victory Medal. CWGC - History of the Tyne Cot Memorial (extract): 'The Tyne Cot Memorial is one of four memorials to the missing in Belgian Flanders which cover the area known as the Ypres Salient. Broadly speaking, the Salient stretched from Langemarck in the north to the northern edge in Ploegsteert Wood in the south, but it varied in area and shape throughout the war. The Salient was formed during the First Battle of Ypres in October and November 1914, when a small British Expeditionary Force succeeded in securing the town before the onset of winter, pushing the German forces back to the Passchendaele Ridge. The Second Battle of Ypres began in April 1915 when the Germans released poison gas into the Allied lines north of Ypres. This was the first time gas had been used by either side and the violence of the attack forced an Allied withdrawal and a shortening of the line of defence. There was little more significant activity on this front until 1917, when in the Third Battle of Ypres an offensive was mounted by Commonwealth forces to divert German attention from a weakened French front further south. The initial attempt in June to dislodge the Germans from the Messines Ridge was a complete success, but the main assault north-eastward, which began at the end of July, quickly became a dogged struggle against determined opposition and the rapidly deteriorating weather. The campaign finally came to a close in November with the capture of Passchendaele.' (www.cwgc.org)
Newark Advertiser, 3 March 1915: ‘Obituary. His many friends will be exceedingly sorry to hear of the death of Mr Walter Hutchison, which occurred early on Wednesday morning at 20 Lime-grove, at the early age of 34 years. He was out in the garden attached to his house on Tuesday, and, although his ultimate recovery had been for some time impossible, his demise came very suddenly. Mr Hutchinson was a native of Newark and was for about 14 years in the employ of Mr WS Davy, proprietor of the Devon Brewery, first as clerk and then as a traveller. He took the licence of the ‘Big 18’, Baldertongate, and subsequently had a serious illness, when he went to working for six months for the benefit of his health and derived considerable benefit, and after which he was able to resume his employment, this time as a clerk in the office, while he went to reside in private life … (he) was a thoroughgoing sportsman. For a period he was a playing member of Newark Castle Rovers Football Club … he was also a cricketer and was for a long period connected with the PSA Club … for nearly the whole of the last two seasons he turned out for Winthorpe Cricket Club, occupying the position of wicket-keeper … He was able to follow is avocation at the brewery until a fortnight before Christmas. He leaves a young widow and two small children, for whom much sympathy is felt. The funeral took place on Saturday afternoon at the Newark Cemetery.’ (www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk) Newark Herald, 27 July 1918 (photograph): 'Son of Mr & Mrs Hutchinson, 3 George Street, Newark. Educated at the Mount Schools and also a choir boy at St. Leonards. After leaving school he was with his brother-in-law, Mr Marriott, as a baker for eight years. Later, up to the time of joining the colours, was van man for Mr J.H. Kirkby, Southwell. Enlisted Nov. 1916 and home on leave for the only time in July 1917. Posted missing on August 22nd 1917 and declared dead in July 1918. Leaves a widow and two children.' Newark Advertiser, 17 October 1917: ‘Pte Arthur Hutchinson Missing. The many fiends of Arthur Hutchinson will be sorry to hear that official news has been received to say he has been missing since August 22nd. He was a vanman in the employ of Mr JH Kirkby, and delivered bread in the Newark district for four years. He enlisted in the Royal Scots on October 9th, 1916, and went to Ireland in January 1917, being home on leave in July this year for the first and last time, and was in the fighting in France about a month. He is a native of Newark, and was educated at the Mount School, being also a scholar at the St Leonard’s Sunday School, at which church he was a choir boy for many years. He was very popular with everyone, and always ready to do a kind action when it was needed. He was 34 years of age.’ (www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk) Annie Hutchinson was awarded a pension of 22/11d (22 shillings and 11 pence) a week for herself and her two children with effect from 29 April 1918. Newark Herald, 2 November 1918: ‘Obituary. The death took place at the Newark Hospital on the 22nd ult. following an operation of Mr William Hutchinson, of 3 George-street, in his 77th year. Deceased, who was highly respected, had been in failing health for some time. The funeral took place on Saturday, the Rev. WF Harden officiating when the chief mourners were: [abridged] Mrs Hutchinson (widow), Mr T Hutchinson (son), Mrs Marriott (daughter), Mr W [William] Hutchinson (son), Mrs T [Clare] Hutchinson, Mrs W Hutchinson (daughters-in-law), Mrs Cope (Newark).' The list of wreaths included: 'Mrs Arthur Hutchinson, Frank and Marjorie. Grandad from Mary, Doris, Stan, Billy and Albert [Marriott] (in France). Grandad from Clare [wife of Tom Hutchinson], Kate, Jack and Harold [Hutchinson] (in France).' (www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk) Note: Arthur's nephews, Albert William Marriott and Harold Hutchinson, survived the war.
Remembered on

Photos

  • Photograph published in the Newark Herald, 27 July 1918. (www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk)
    Arthur Hutchinson - Photograph published in the Newark Herald, 27 July 1918. (www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk)
  • Commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial, Belgium. (www.cwgc.org)
    Arthur Hutchinson - Commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial, Belgium. (www.cwgc.org)