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  • Commonwealth War Graves Commission headstone marking his grave, Roeux British Cemetery.  Photograph courtesy of Willoughby on the Wolds village website.
Person Details
Willoughby on the Wolds Nottinghamshire
Albert was the son of Samuel Smith and his second wife, Miriam (formerly Caunt née Lyne/Lynes). Miriam was the sister of Samuel's first wife, Rebecca. Rebecca (b. 1829) and her sister Miriam (b. 1842) were the daughters of Thomas and Rebecca Lyne (née Smith) who were married in 1824 and had a large family. Samuel Smith (b. abt 1828, Harby) and Rebecca Lynes were married at Willoughby on the Wolds St Mary & All Saints in October 1849 and had at least eight children: Samuel b. 1849, Eliza b. 1851, Joseph b. 1853, George b. 1854 (birth registered 1855), Miriam birth registered 1860 (J/F/M), Thomas Ephraim b. 1863, Mary Ann b. 1865 and Emma birth registered 1870 (J/F/M). Samuel, Eliza, Miriam, Thomas, Mary and Emma were baptised at St Mary & All Saints while Joseph and George were baptised at Upper Broughton St Luke. Samuel, Rebecca and their first child, Samuel, were recorded on the 1851 Census as visitors in the home of her parents, Thomas and Rebecca Lyne, at Westhorpe End, Willoughby. However, by 1861 Samuel, an agricultural labourer, and Rebecca, a lace worker, were recorded in Upper Broughton and the baptismal records of their six youngest children (1853-1870) gave their parents' residence as either Upper Broughton or Broughton Sulney. Rebecca Smith died in 1875 and was buried in St Mary & All Saints churchyard on 29 January. Samuel married secondly Rebecca's widowed sister, Miriam Caunt, in 1874 (reg. J/F/M Nottigham). Miriam had married John Caunt at St Mary & All Saints in July 1864; they had two sons, William Thomas (b. 1865) and John (b. 1867). Her husband died in 1867 aged 25. Miriam was recorded on the 1871 Census as a visitor at an address in Willoughby while her eldest son William Thomas was a visitor in the household of Samuel and Rebecca Smith, who had the Greyhound Inn at Broughton Sulney. The youngest son John was in the home of his maternal aunt, Mary Matchet (née Lynes m. 1850) and her husband William. Also in the home on the night of the census was Mary's mother, Rebecca Lynes. Samuel and Miriam had two sons, Albert b. 1877 and Herbert b. 1879; both were baptised at St Mary & All Saints. Samuel snr. died in 1880 and was buried in St Mary & All Saints churchyard on 1 April. His widow Miriam, a seamer (stockings/hosiery) was living in Willoughby in 1881 with her sons John Caunt, Albert and Herbert and her step daughter Emma, her sister's youngest child. Miriam was still living in the village in 1891; in the home on the night of the census were her sons Albert, a farmer's boy, Herbert and a niece, Florence Smith (5, b. Borrowash Derby). Herbert married Sarah Millington in October 1900 and in 1901 they were living with his widowed mother in law, Martha Millington, on Burton Street, Nottingham. He and Sarah later had two daughters, Doris Vera (b. 1903 d. 1911 A/M/J) and Phyllis Maxine (b. 1905). Albert a gardener's labourer, was still living with their widowed mother, Miriam, a shirt maker, on Main Street, Willoughby, in 1901. Also in the household were Miriam's niece Florence Smith, a nurse (domestic), and Miriam's unmarried niece/stepdaughter Miriam Smith (41) a charwoman. Albert's mother, Miriam, died in 1909. Albert, now working as a domestic gardener, and his half-sister Miriam, described on the census as housekeeper domestic, were still living in Willoughby in 1911. Miriam, who was Albert's legatee, died in 1954.
1891 - farmer's boy. 1901 - gardener's labourer. 1911 - domestic gardener.
28 Apr 1917
40
533633 - CWGC Website
203162
Bingham. Enlisted West Bridgford, Nottingham.
Private
10th Bn Lincolnshire Regiment
10th (Service) Battalion (Grimsby) Lincolnshire Regiment. Earlier name, 'Grimsby Chums.' Formerly 41304 Sherwood Foresters (Notts & Derby Regiment). The 10th (Service) Battalion (Grimsby) was formed at Grimsby in September 1914 and in June 1915 came under command of 101st Brigade, 34th Division. It transferred on 3 February to 103rd Brigade, 34th Division. After suffering heavy casualties, inMay 1918 it was reduced to cadre strength, transferring to 116th Brigade, 39th Division and then in August to 197th Brigade, 66th (2nd East Lancashire) Division. (Memorial to the ‘Grimsby Chums’, Grimsby St James). Albert Smith was killed in action on 28 April 1917 and is buried in Roeux British Cemetery (Sp. Mem. G. 4). His original grave was destroyed by shellfire (source: 'Granby and Sutton: A collection of photographs', Len Watson, 2001) CWGC - History of Roeux British Cemetery (extract): the village of Roeux is about 13km from the town of Arras. 'Roeux was built over a system of caves which helped to make its capture in 1917 exceptionally difficult. It was attacked by the 9th (Scottish) Division without success on 12 April. The chemical works close to the railway station were taken by the 51st (Highland) Division on 22 April, and after incessant fighting the village was cleared by the same Division on 14 May. The chemical works were lost on 16 May, and it was finally taken by the 51st Division on the following 26 August. Roeux British Cemetery was made by fighting units between April and November 1917. The cemetery contains 350 burials and commemorations of the First World War. 31 of the burials are unidentified and 82 graves destroyed by shell fire are now represented by special memorials.' (www.cwgc.org)
Albert's brother Herbert attested on 31 May 1916. He was 37 years old, married with one child, occupation Superintendent Assurance, residence Bingham. He transferred to the Army Reserve on 1 June 1916 and was mobilised on 2 November when he was posted Gunner RGA (127332). He served at home from 2 November then embarked Portsmouth on 19 May 1917, disembarking Alexandria on 11 June. He probably served in Palestine for the remainder of the war and embarked Port Said (HMT Caledonia) for the UK on 17 February 1919. He was demobilised on 2 April 1919 (Class 'Z' Army Reserve) to Church Street, Bingham. The demobilisation record gave his service employment with the RGA as 'officers' batman.' CWGC Additional information: 'Son of Samuel and Miriam Smith, of Willoughby-on-the-Wolds, Notts.' CWGC headstone personal inscription: 'Thy will be done' Registers of Soldiers' Effects: his sister [half-sister] Miriam Smith was his legatee. WW1 Pension Ledgers: named his sister, Miss Miriam Smith, of Widmerpool, Nottinghamshire. She was awarded a pension of 11 shillings a week, awarded 19 December 1917 and payable from May 1918. The pension may have only been paid to December 1919.
Remembered on

Photos

  • Commonwealth War Graves Commission headstone marking his grave, Roeux British Cemetery.  Photograph courtesy of Willoughby on the Wolds village website.
    Albert Smith - Commonwealth War Graves Commission headstone marking his grave, Roeux British Cemetery. Photograph courtesy of Willoughby on the Wolds village website.