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  • birth record shows 2Q 1880. The 1911 census for him gives his age as 30years = his birthdate would be sometime after that census date and the end of May
Person Details
Newark on Trent
James Percy Cupit’s parents - Thomas Cupit married Sarah McLeod probably in Newark on 30th October 1871. James’s mother Sarah was born in Edinburgh, Scotland. James’s father Thomas Cupit was born in East Stoke in about 1830 and it is likely that Thomas’s parents were William and Jane Cupit. William Cupit’s profession is described as a Tailor. James Percy Cupit was born in about 1880 in Newark. 1881 census gives James living in Newark with his parents Thomas Cupit 53 years Sarah 32 years, and siblings Robert William 7 years, Annie Ellen 3 years and Margaret Sarah 2 years. James’s father is an East Stoke man and is described as a Tailor, James’s mother from is from Scotland. Interestingly father of JPC - Thomas Cupit – is roughly 21 years older than his wife Sarah. 1891 census gives James living in East Stoke he is 10 years old and a scholar, JPC dad is the sub postmaster at Farndon and Tailor. All the family are still together Robert William now works as a groom all the other children (including a younger brother Alfred who is 7 years old) are scholars. 24 Dec 1900 at St Oswald’s James marries Eliza Weedy. From the record we find that at this time James is serving as a Private in the Grenadier Guards. Eliza is living in East Stoke. James’s dad is described as a postman. Eliza’s father is described as a policeman. Eliza Weedy was born in Cayton near Scarborough Yorkshire, the census shows her father as “First Class Police Constable’. Eliza Weedy was born about 1878. 1901 census shows James in the Grenadier Guards registered (but not necessarily located) at Kensington Barracks, London. 1st Dec 1902 he is still serving in 3rd Bn Grenadier Guards and possibly stationed in Aldershot, interestingly his Regimental Number 8915 is the same Regimental Number when he re-enlists for WW1 We do not know when James came out of the army but his first child James Percy Cupit (jnr)was born in about 1901 (it might seem that Eliza was pregnant at the time of her Marriage in December 1900) Alice was born in Newcastle upon Tyne in 1902. It may be that James was still serving in the army at that time? 1911 census shows JPC with his wife and family at Mount Pleasant in Blidworth, his 5 children, James(Jnr) born 1901 in Nottingham, Alice born 1902 in Newcastle upon Tyne, Edith Lilian 1904 in Gonersby Lincolnshire, Harry about 1907 in Balderton and finally Walter born about 1909 in Mansfield Woodhouse. James is described as a miner “filler” (from a Google search – filler is the man down the mine who literally fills the baskets / barrows with coal once the diggers have extracted the coal from the coal face…)
Coal Miner.
23 Sep 1916
36
758044 - CWGC Website
8915
94 Smith Street, Mansfield.
Private
1st Bn Grenadier Guards
James joined the army and Served in the Boer War with the Grenadier Guards and had received the South Africa Star in 1902. James was awarded 2 clasps to his QSA (Queens South Africa) campaign medal - Cape Colony and South Africa 1902. He served his time and came out of the army back into civilian life where he became a coal miner. As he was on the reserve list James would have been mobilised at the start of the Great War.but we do know he enlisted and served again with the Grenadier Guards (now in the 1st Battalion). and from his Medal Card we can see that he was in France from 12th November 1914. The 1st Battalion Grenadiers was involved in the first battle of Ypres, Belgium (19 Oct 1914 – 22 Nov 1914) after which only 4 officers and 200 men survived fit enough to fight. We know from his ‘qualifying medal date’ that he was most probably in that battle and one of those survivors. James was killed on the 23rd September 1916 (aged 36 years). He was killed while involved in a combined attack at Lesboeufs a small village in France held by Germans. The attack started on the 15th September 1916 and culminated with the capture of Lesboeufs on the 25th September 1916. He has no known grave and his name is commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial on the Somme.
Mansfield Chronicle Advertiser: 20/05/1915: Photograph he had been wounded at Neuville Chappelle The above information including articles and photos are courtesy of Richard Hallam
Remembered on

Photos

  • birth record shows 2Q 1880. The 1911 census for him gives his age as 30years = his birthdate would be sometime after that census date and the end of May
    James Percy Cupit - birth record shows 2Q 1880. The 1911 census for him gives his age as 30years = his birthdate would be sometime after that census date and the end of May
  • He has no known grave , his name is commemorated on the Theipval Memorial on the Somme. 
Photo courtesy of the CWGC
    James Percy Cupit - He has no known grave , his name is commemorated on the Theipval Memorial on the Somme. Photo courtesy of the CWGC