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Person Details
Cosgrove Northamptonshire
Edwin George Gascoyne was born in 1883 at Cosgrove, Northamptonshire and was the son of George and Sarah Gascoyne. From the form completed by his father for the Army in 1919 which listed his son's surviving blood relatives, he had at least eight brothers and sisters. The ages in brackets are as at the time the form was completed: Brothers: Francis (39), Jess (26) Sisters: Matilda (36), Annie (34), Lillian (32), Mary (27), Florence (22) and Ellen (18). Violet, who was named on the 1901 Census and was aged 16 at the time, may be the eldest girl, Matilda. All six girls had the surname 'Gascoyne' so can be presumed to be unmarried. At the time of completing the form, Edwin's parents were still living at 39 Bridge Street [Bradwell], Buckinghamshire, where they lived at the time of the 1901 and 1911 census, and although the entries on the form are rather indistinct it does seem that none of their children were living at home. In 1901 Edwin (18) a tin plate worker, was living at 60 Bridge Street, Bradwell, Buckinghamshire, with his parents George (41) and Sarah (41) and his siblings Violet (16), Lillian (14), Francis (10), Mary H (9), Jess (6), Florence (3) and Ellen (3 months). Also in the household was George's widowed mother-in-law, Mary Hilton (76). In the 1911 census his family are living at 39 Bridge Street, Stantonbury. His father states he has been married for 30 yrs and that he and his wife have had 12 children, 3 of whom had died. George 50 yrs, a gas maker, is living with his wife Sarah 51 yrs and their children Frank 20 yrs a brass finishing railway carriage worker, Mary 19 yrs working in printing works Jess 16 yrs a tinsmith and Annie Ellen 10 yrs a scholar. Edwin married Alice Mary Twigg (b. 1884, J/A/S Nottingham) at Hyson Green Church on 3 August 1907. The two witnesses were George Trigg and Jane Ann Robinson. Jane Ann Robinson was the daughter of Mary Ann Robinson and in 1881 she was living with her mother in the home of her maternal grandparents, James Clayton, an agricultural labourer, and his wife Rebecca, in Willoughby on the Wolds, Nottinghamshire. She was still living in the village with her grandparents in 1901 along with their grandson William Trigg (19) a gardener's labourer; Jane was 23, single and working as a hosiery seamstress. Jane was later to be named the guardian of Edwin and Alice Mary's son, George Frederick (b. 8 August 1908, J/A/S Nottingham), and may have had this legal status before Edwin's death in 1917. Jane may have been the 'sister-in-law' who put a notice of Edwin's death in the local paper in 1917. Edwin's wife, Alice Mary, died aged 24 in 1909 (A/M/J Nottingham, buried 7 April 1909) and by 1911 their son, George Frederick, now two years old, was living in Willoughby on the Wolds with James and Rebecca Clayton, who were described as his grandparents (although they were probably his great grandparents), and Jane Ann Robinson (34). However, at the time of the same census the widowed Edwin (38) a tin smith, was living with his parents-in-law, George Trigg (52), a bricklayer and Mary Ann (54), at 18 Randall Street, Hyson Green, Nottingham. George (52) and Mary had had three children of whom only two survived. A letter was sent by the Ministry of Pensions on 26th October 1917 to JA Robinson, Willoughby on the Wolds, awarding a pension of 7 shillings a week to George Frederick with effect from 30th October 1917. Later, Lady Maud Rolleston, county secretary of the Solders and Sailors Help Society, Nottinghamshire Branch (acting for the Nottinghamshire War Pensions etc. Local Committee), wrote to 11th Battalion KRRC appealing on behalf of Mrs (sic) JA Robinson, who had the care of Edwin's son, for help in establishing whether Edwin had made a Will and if so if there was any further money due to George Frederick as his father had intimated there would be some money for the child. No further correspondence on the matter is held with Edwin's service documents. Jane was sent Edwin's personal items and decorations to hold in trust for his son. Edwin was engaged to Alice at the time of his death. The 1939 England and Wales Register records a George Frederick Gascoyne (b. 8 August 1908), occupation 'constructional electrical', living in Loughborough, Leicestershire, with his wife Rosa C Gascoyne (b. 23 July 1910) and daughter Rosalie P. (b. 1 February 1939). George Frederick died in 1974 (September Leicestershire Central).
He was a tin plate worker in 1901 and a tin smith in 1911.
21 Apr 1917
517711 - CWGC Website
11th Bn King's Royal Rifle Corps
Sergeant Edwin George Gascoyne previously served with the 1st Buckinghamshire Volunteers, re-enlisting on 9th September 1914 at Nottingham. He gave his age as 31 yrs 285 days, he was widower and was a tinsmith by trade. He served with the 11th battalion King's Royal Rifle Corps and was promoted lance corporal on 25th June 1915. He landed in France on 21st July 1915 and lost his stripe for being drunk in billet on 3rd February 1916. However, his promotion to corporal was confirmed on 6th September 1916 and promotion to sergeant confirmed on 1st March 1917. He was wounded on 4th April 1917 and died from his wounds on 21st April 1917. He is buried in St Sever Cemetery Extension, Rouen (grave reference P.I.I.1B).
Gascoyne. Died of wounds, April 21st, 1917, Sergeant Edwin George Gascoyne, King’s Royal Rifles. He fought for his King and country, a noble death he died, fighting for us and for freedom at the cost of his own dear life. His sister-in-law [?Jane Ann Robinson] and little son George.’ (www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk) Article published in the Northampton Mercury 4th May 1917 reads :- “GASCOYNE, SERGT. EDWIN G., King's Royal Rifles, was the eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. G. Gascoyne, 39, Bridge-street, Stantonbury, and leaves a widow (sic) and one little boy at Nottingham, where he worked as a tinsmith, to which trade he served his apprenticeship at Wolverton Carriage Works. Aged 35, he was wounded in the recent fighting and a letter from the assistant matron of the hospital has been received by Mr. Gascoyne stating that he passed away on the morning of April 21. He had been out in France over two years.” Published 15th May 1917 in the Nottingham Evening Post :- GASCOYNE. – Died of wounds, April 21st, Sergt. E. G. Gascoyne, K.R.R. He gave his life that we might live. – Fiancée Alice.” Above articles are courtesy of Jim Grundy and his facebook pages Small Town Great War Hucknall 1914- 1918 Nottingham Evening Post In Memoriam 21 April 1918:'Gascoyne. In loving memory of Sergt. E G Gascoyne KRR, died of wounds, Rouen April 21st 1917. Sadly missed. -Fiancée Alice and family.' Edwin also had a child born 18 November 1905 by a Florence Irving of Kilburn, Hampstead, London. Florence successfully applied to magistrates for an affiliation order on 19 February 1906 (Marylebone Police Court) and was awarded 3/6d a week from 19 February 1906 until 18 February 1920. However, a variation order must have been granted after Edwin enlisted as the payment was reduced to 4d. a day in 1915 when he only held the rank of private.
Remembered on