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  • Photograph published in the Nottingham Evening Post, Thursday 13 January 1916 (www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk)
Person Details
Denton, Lincolnshire
John Henry was the eldest son of Cecil James and Elizabeth Scoffield (née Smart). His father Cecil James was born in Denton, Lincolnshire, in 1859 (J/A/S Grantham), the son of John and Elizabeth Scoffield. He was baptised at Denton parish church on 31 July 1959. His mother Elizabeth Smart was born in Lincolnshire on 13 December 1862. Cecil James and Elizabeth were married in 1883 (J/A/S Grantham Lincs) and had seven children: John Henry b. Denton 1884 (O/N/D Grantham) bap. Denton 21 September 1894. Cecil [Cecil James] b. Nottingham 1886 (J/A/S Nottingham), Walter b. Nottingham 19 September 1888 (O/N/D Nottingham), William Smart b. Lincoln 6 July 1890 (J/A/S Lincoln), Ernest b. Lincoln 1892 (A/M/J Lincoln). Leonard b. Nottingham 23 June 1898 (J/A/S Nottingham) and Ada Elizabeth b. Nottingham 19 February 1902 (A/M/J Nottingham). Their first son was born in Lincolnshire in 1884, the year after their marriage, the next two sons were born in Nottingham between 1886 and 1888, followed by the fourth son who was born in Lincoln in 1890. In 1891 Cyril James (31), an assurance agent, was living with his wife and four sons, John (6), Cecil (5), Walter (2) and William (under one year) on Gibbeson Street, Lincoln. Ernest was born in Lincoln the following year. However, their sixth son Leonard was born in Nottingham in 1898 and in 1901 the family was living at 55 Seymour Street; Cecil snr was a lace packer. He and Elizabeth now had six children: John (16) an office clerk, Cyril (13) a junior shipping clerk, Walter (12) who was at school but also an errand boy, William (10), Ernest (8) and Leonard (2). Their only daughter, Ada Elizabeth, was born the following year. Walter enlisted in the King's Royal Rifle Corps in 1905; the family home was then 50 Sneinton Boulevard, Nottingham. He was discharged less than a fortnight later having misrepresented his age. Ernest enlisted in the Territorial Force in August 1910 and gave his address as 38 Manor Street, Sneinton. The family was living at the same address when the census was taken the following year. Cecil snr. was a stationary engineman in a lace warehouse. Only four of their seven children were living at home: John a moulders' labourer, Ernest a packer in a lace warehouse, Leonard who was at school and also a butcher's errand boy, and Ada (9). Of their three eldest sons: Cecil, who has not been traced on the 1911 Census, was probably working in Buenos Aries, Argentina, having taken passage from Southampton on 20 April 1906 (steerage passenger, SS Thames); Walter was married and living in Brinsley and William was a railway porter living in West Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, as a boarder in the household of an elderly couple, Alfred and Bessie Edgington. When John Henry attested in 1914 his mother, whom he named as one of his next of kin, was living on Stratford Road, West Bridgford, although by the following year his parents were living at 9 Byron Street, West Bridgford, and this was still their address when the CWGC record was compiled. His second next of kin was an aunt, Mrs Andrews of Little Shelford, near Cambridge, with whom he was living when he attested, but both these were later changed to his wife when he married the following year. John married Mabel Glen at Somercoates St Thomas, Derby, on 24 May 1915. Her address was given on John's service records as 9 Byron Street, West Bridgford, Mabel was awarded a pension of 11 shillings a week with effect from 19 June 1916; she was then living on Mansfield Road, Alfreton. There were no children of the marriage. Mabel married secondly Thomas Grubb at Alfreton United Methodist Church in 1919 (A/M/J Belper). Mabel compiled a list for the army in April 1919 giving John's surviving blood relatives but listed his parents and five surviving sibling at 9 Byron Road. However, her mother-in-law, Elizabeth, compiled a list for the army of her son Ernest's surviving blood relatives and only four of her five surviving children were still living at home: Cecil James (32), William Smart (28), Leonard (20) and Ada Elizabeth (17), while Walter (30) was living in Hucknall. According to a newspaper report in 1915, Cyril James snr. served in the 8th Bn Sherwood Foresters in the war. He died in 1925 (O/N/D Basford). His widow Elizabeth was living with her married daughter, Ada Townsend, in West Bridgford in 1939 when the England & Wales Register was compiled. Elizabeth died in 1952 (J/F/M Basford). Of John's surviving siblings: Cecil probably worked in Argentina from 1906 until he returned to serve with the Royal Engineers during the war. He married Maud E Woollerton in 1916 (A/M/J Dudley Staffordshire). On 31 July 1919 he and Maud together with their son Thomas (b. 1918) sailed from Southampton to Buenas Aires (SS Meteor). His name appeared on the UK Electoral Rolls before and after the war but there are also records of further visits to Argentina between the wars, departure dates 27 September 1922 (occupation mechanical engineer), 12 May 1828 (traction engineer), 23 September 1932 (railway employee) and 4 September 1937 when Cecil (50, occupation 'railway') was accompanied by his wife Maud (50). Cecil died in Rosano, Argentina, between 1941-1945. Walter enlisted in the King's Royal Rifle Corps (6351) on 1 February 1905; he was already serving with the 1st Notts Rifle Volunteers. However, he was discharged on 9 February 1905 for 'misstatement as to age'. He married Jessie Cripwell (b. 4 August 1887) in 1911 (J/F/M Basford) and at the time of the census the same year they were living in New Brinsley; he was a police constable. In 1939 he was a retired police inspector and living with his wife and daughter Joyce (b. 29 April 1917) in Mapperley, Nottingham. Walter and Jessie later moved to Mansfield Street, Sherwood, which was still their home when Walter died on 19 April 1948. His wife survived him. William married Minnie Ward (b. 30 June 1888) in 1919 (A/M/J Basford). In 1939 William, a police inspector, and Minnie together with their daughter Freda (b. 3 June 1918) were living in Renishaw, Chesterfield. They were living on Sheffield Road, Chesterfield, when Wiliam died on 14 November 1950; administration of his Will was awarded to his widow and married daughter, Freda Argyle. William was buried in Chesterfied Christ Church churchyard. His widow died on 3 November 1967. Leonard, who served in the Royal Garrison Artillery, was discharged to the Army Reserve in July 1919 and returned to live with his parents in West Bridgford. He married Gladys E Marshall (b. 18 February 1902) in 1921 (J/A/S Mansfield). In 1939 Leonard, a police constable, and his wife were living on Beardall Street, Hucknall, with their sons Kenneth A. (b. 10 September 1923) an aeronautical draughtsman and Ralph A. (b. 3 March 1929); the record of one occupant in the household remains closed. Leonard died in 1965 (J/A/S Nottingham). Ada married Frederick W Townsend (b. 13 November 1902) in 1929 (J/F/M Basford). In 1939 they were living at 26 Byron Road, West Bridgford, with their sons James (b. 13 June 1930) and Will (b. 26 June 1935) and Ada's widowed mother, Elizabeth Scoffield. Ada probably died in 1960 (A/M/J Nottingham.
Moulder labourer 1911 census. Railway signalman on enlistment in 1914
03 Dec 1915
27
312251 - CWGC Website
B/3455
Little Shelford, near Cambridge. Attested Westminster, Middlesex
Sergeant
1st Bn Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own)
John had previously served for five years with the Robin Hood Rifles but been discharged in about 1908. John Henry attested on the outbreak of war. He attested at Westminster, Middlesex, on 1st September 1914 and transferred to the Special Reserves. He was 30 years of age and gave his birth place as Denton near Grantham, Lincolnshire. John was living at Little Shelford, Cambridgeshire, and gave his next of kin as his mother Elizabeth, Stratford Road, West Bridgford, Nottingham, and his aunt, Mrs Andrews of Little Shelford. His next of kin changed to his wife Mabel following his marriage in 1915. He was posted to the Rifle Brigade and was promoted corporal on 18th September 1914 and to temporary sergeant on 1 November 1914. His promotion to sergeant was confirmed on 23 March 1915, probably with seniority of 1 November 1914. He served with the BEF France from 19 November and was killed in action at Mailly Maillet 16 days later on 3 December 1915. He had served for 1 year and 94 days. John was buried in Sucrerie Military Cemetery, Colinscamp, Somme, France (grave reference III E 3).
John Henry's brothers served in the following units: Cyril, lieutenant Royal Engineers. William Smart, 2230 A/Sergeant Royal Army Medical Corps, served in Egypt from 7 May 1915, returned to UK February 1919. Ernest, 1225 Private 7th Bn Sherwood Foresters. Killed in action 11 June 1915 and buried in Kemmel Chateau Military Cemetery. (See record on this ROH) Leonard, 165982 Gunner 218th Signal Company Royal Garrison Artillery. Attested 6 June 1916, mobilized 5 May 1917, served with the BEF and was transferred to the Army Reserve in July 1919. The following article in the local paper reports that five of Cecil's sons were serving in the Army, although the youngest son Leonard did not attest until 1916. Nottingham Evening Post, 8 March 1915: ‘Another Nottm. Record. Father and Five Sons All Serving. A record of service for king and country is possessed by a West Bridgford family, of which the father and five sons are doing good work for their country. The father Corporal CL (sic) Scoffield, is in the 8th Notts, and Derby Regiment, and the five sons are serving as follows: Sergeant JH Scoffield, 7th (Service) Rifle Brigade; Acting-Cpl CJ Scoffield, 7th (Service) Rifle Brigade; Private WS Scoffield, 3rd Mounted Field Ambulance RAMC; Private E Scoffield, 7th Notts and Derby (Robin Hood Rifles ), now in France; Private L Scoffield, 7th Notts & Derby Reserve, the second son, acting Corporal CJ Scoffield, returned home from the Argentine in order to offer his services.’ (www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk) A similar report to the above was published in the West Bridgford Advertiser on 12 June 1915 (below); Ernest had been killed in action the previous day. West Bridgford Advertiser, 12 June 1915: ‘A Bridgford Record. No fewer than six members of one Bridgford family, a father and five sons, are serving the King, vis. CJ Scoffield (father) of 9, Byron-road; JH [John Henry] Scoffield, CJ [Cyril James] Scoffield; WS [William Smart] Scoffield, K [Ernest] Scoffield and L [Leonard] Scoffield (sons). The second son [Cyril] has come from the Argentine to volunteer.’ (www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk) Nottingham Evening Post, Thursday 13 January 1916, photograph with caption, ‘Sergt. JH Scoffield, 1st Rifle Brigade, 9 Byron Road, West Bridgford, killed in action December 3rd.’ (www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk) Nottingham Evening Post, 27 January 1916: ‘A ‘Blighty’ Smoke. Messages of appreciation still come to hand … Corporal WS Scoffield, Field Ambulance N. and D. Mounted Brigade, writes to the same firm [John Player & Sons] ‘Many thanks for cigarettes to hand this mail. They were very acceptable, as are all English-made cigarettes out here.’ (www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk)
Remembered on

Photos

  • Photograph published in the Nottingham Evening Post, Thursday 13 January 1916 (www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk)
    John Henry Scoffield - Photograph published in the Nottingham Evening Post, Thursday 13 January 1916 (www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk)